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NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley spoke to the press following the return of the SpaceX Dragon to Earth
Doug Hurley and join Operations Commander splashed down in the Gulf of Mexico after 64 days in space completing the first crude flight of the SpaceX crew Dragon. Their mission was to test the capabilities of the new commercial space vehicle for regular crew transportation to the International Space Station, but they contributed a whole lot more than that on their mission during their 62 days aboard station, they dedicated more than a hundred hours to scientific investigation and work with the Expedition 63 crew. Four space walks to upgrade the station's power system among the number of other items. Today's crew news conference is the first opportunity after splash down to ask questions to Bob and Doug We'll be taking questions on our phone bridge as well as on our social media platforms. If you're on the phone, please press star one to add your name to our queue and ask a question and if you're on social media use the hashtag ask Nasa before we get to opening comments from the crew, we'd like to share some of the messages from around the world, welcoming Bob and Back to Planet Earth. Splash down Welcome back to Planet Earth and thanks for flying SpaceX. 1234 Love from India has Americas 1234 Thanks to all who submitted these messages using the hashtag launch America well now pass it to the demo to crew for some opening comments starting with Doug Hurley. Well, it's great to talk to you today we're just a couple of days removed from splash down off the Coast of Florida near Pensacola. excited to be back. We're already working through our exercise rehabilitation program to kinda get our Earth legs back we were lucky that we we worked out pretty hard. Space Station and I think we both done pretty well up to this point. we're also lucky in the fact that we landed in some pretty smooth waters thanks to the weather folks and so I think that helped a lot just incredibly excited to be back incredibly excited to share the mission with all of you and another way and just so proud of the SpaceX and Nasa teams to get dragging through. It's first crude flight flawlessly. Just we're almost kind of speechless. as as far as how well the vehicle did and how well the mission went. and all the things we did on board ISS with the Chris Cassidy and Anatole and Avon so just glad to be back and it's great to see how excited that everybody was for our mission and followed along and and we hope it brings a little bit of brightness to a pretty tough 2020. Thank you. Doug will now hand it over to Bob. I think Doug pretty much covered most of the things that either one of us would say about the the mission itself. I would just add that you know, it's a it's a humbling experience to be a part of what was accomplished with the SpaceX vehicle just a wonderful team on the a side and the SpaceX side to pull it all off it took years in the making. I think Doug and I have been working at it for a good solid at five years to to get to this point and it's just awesome to kinda. To fruition, I know that one of the things that we're most proud of is is bringing launch capability back to the Florida Coast back to America and of course, landing safely at the end of all of that and so just again humbled to be a part of such an awesome team and and odd by what they accomplished. Thanks to you both for those initial remarks will now open it up for questions again if you're on our phone bridge, please press star one to submit a question to ensure we get to everyone's. Refrain from asking more than one at a time, we have a lot of questions. so if you find that yours has already been answered, press start to withdraw it and if you're on social media, please use the hashtag ask Nasa let's start on our phone bridge first with Laurens from the verge. Hi, Bob and Doug Good to talk to you and congratulations on such a great launch leading up to this mission the date of the launch was always so uncertain and you mentioned you would plan your life and increments of weeks or months at a time. So I'm wondering how does it feel now after all that build up now that it's over and you have a little more certainty in your schedule again. Thanks. That's a good question that I don't know if certainty is the right word at this point, you know. I think for both of us, it still feels pretty surreal and I know that's a little bit overused, but I don't know how to describe it. You know one minute you're bobbing in the Gulf of Mexico and you know less than two days later, you're in a news conference so you know it's been a time to reflect and think about a lot of a lot of the things that went on in the lead up to the mission, the mission itself, You know the lawn the time the entry the landing that yeah, at least we know we're done with the mission. You know we didn't even really know launch dates until just a few months before we launched, we didn't know the duration of the mission until a few weeks before we came home and so I guess it's nice in that and that respect to to be back with our family and our friends here at Nasa and and working through the post flight activities that we have and they're pretty well scheduled for the next few weeks. for sure. In fact, there's a lot of stuff to do over the next few weeks. So we're hoping at some point just. Take some time off and and and share a little more time with our family since that they were the ones that really had to sacrifice over the as Bob said over the last five years, because we were, we were mostly in California and we were mostly obviously the last two months in space. Next we will go to Andrea Seinfeld from the Houston Chronicle. Welcome home to Bob. You gave a really great description of what it To launch in the cori, I was hoping you could give us a similarly vivid account of what it was like to land. Thank you well. Thank you. Andrea, You know the the landing was I would say it was more than what Doug and I expected things are always a pretty smooth as you work through at the Orbit burn cuz of course, you're you're still in lower orbit while you take that little bit of energy out that it takes to lower your into the atmosphere and start the trip home as we. Descended through the atmosphere I personally was surprised at just how quickly it all the events all transpired. it seemed like just a couple of minutes later after the burn was complete, we could look out the windows and see the clouds rushing by at a much accelerated rate. You know one of the things we didn't have a lot of time to do during our time. do with how busy we were was to really focus on the Earth for an extended period of time and during free flight and we're able to do that and probably. Pretty good feel for the rate that the Earth was moving below us and we could definitely tell things we're picking up quick after we started that burn once we descend a little bit into the atmosphere, you know Dragon really, it came alive it started to to fire thrusters and keep us pointed in the appropriate direction. the atmosphere starts to make noise you can you can hear that Rumble outside the vehicle and as the vehicle tries to control, you feel a little bit of that shimmer in your. In our bodies were much better attuned to the environment, so we could feel those small roles and pitches and yaws and all those little motions were were things that we picked up on inside the vehicle as we descended through the atmosphere, the the thrusters were firing almost continuously and I think this is the sound that that makes I did record some audio of but it doesn't sound like a machine. It sounds like an animal coming through the atmosphere with all that all the the puffs that are happening from the And theer noise it just continues to. gain magnitude as you as you descend down through the atmosphere and I think we both really really notice that aspect of things all the separation events from the trunk separation through the parachute firings were very much like getting a hit in the back of the chair with a baseball bat, you know just a crack and then you get some sort of a motion Associated with that usually pretty light for the trunk separation, but with the parachute. It was a pretty significant jolt and a couple of adults as you go through the reefing of the parachutes as well and so all the way down. we were talking about it. I think I took a line from a old movie that Doug and I were both familiar with that one point cuz under the G load of about four point two g's, I said. Run get some coffee. You know much like it's seen in an old movie that we had watched cuz that was really the the feeling that we had and that's the best way to describe it, but if you've seen. That happen to have some guys who'd been in the centrifuge. That's what we felt like when the time came to splash down, I think we were watching the altimeter, which is a GPS altimeter, so it's not Super accurate everywhere that you're located and so we got to a below zero for our altitude on that indicator, which was a little bit surprising and then we felt the splash and we saw a splash up over the Windows. It was just a great relief. I think for both of us at that point and I can't say enough. How well the SpaceX team trained us, you know they provided us some audio clips of what would it was like inside the demo one vehicle so that we were familiar with all those sounds and reassuring is not quite the right word because we think of it more in technical terms as you know, pilots and engineers riding along with that vehicle, but when it performed as expected and we could check off those events we were really really comfortable coming through the atmosphere even though you know it felt like we were. Animal Let's go to David Curley from the Discovery Channel. What a description welcome back to both of you? I have a lot of questions, but let's do the fun question and the big question Bob digitally something for Megan. You don't have to tell me what it is Well, SpaceX to leave it there and you said you would talk about the historical meaning afterwards here. We are big picture. What does this mean and gentlemen welcome up? You go first Well inside the vehicle. You know it's it's not something we don't do is leave things behind that we do our best to you know, keep it in ship shape We did leave a patch inside the vehicle. There's a demo one sticker that we added and we did give the ship a name endeavor and I'm hopeful that they'll be able to keep both of those things as they go forward and at their their decal to the interior of endeavor. I guess for me from the historical aspect that I think there certainly US crude vehicle since the shuttle certainly personally it's it's significant because I was the last shuttle pilot in the first Commander Dragon and so that that's it's it's neat to think about now you know and I certainly maybe a year from now. we'll we'll think a lot more about it but I I'm I I. More I think what's more important to me is that is the historical aspect for Nasa and certainly for SpaceX. It's just for a company. that's only been around for a decade or a little more than that to to build a spaceship that takes into orbit and return them safely is that that that part of the historical aspect of for me is is probably most significant. It's just it's and to be. Of that for me is is also by far the most important and one of the most incredible highlights that I'll have from a professional career. to just to just share in that journey that odyssey that endeavor as we as we named our ship was just one of the true honors of of of my entire life, but certainly my professional career. We will now go to Marcia Dunn from Associated Press. Hi I'm wondering did either of you realize real time that you were surrounded by boats filled with golfers so soon after splash down and I'm still where you're concerned and if you were unaware of them were you surprised to find that out afterwards and Barbara a real quick question when's the puppy arriving. Well, I guess it's Bob's got a really important question to answer. I'll talk about the boaters. you know this is something that we discussed as a Nasa Space X group prior to demo one actually and you know we certainly appreciate the folks wanting to participate in the event but you know there's some safety aspects that I think you know as the administrator said we'll have to take a look at it cuz it just can't can't happen like it did before, but certainly. We were not and it's mostly due to the kind of the way the windows looked after splashdown so you know the the reentry is a fairly dynamic event and you get from you know just an overall view of the capsule that reentry is a pretty demanding environment. you know with the different scorches on the vehicle and the windows were were not spared any of that. To look out the windows you could basically tell that it was daylight but very little out, so we didn't really see anything clearly out the Windows until the the SpaceX recovery crews got near us with the fast boats and then we could see a head or two out the window, but yeah, I had absolutely no awareness of the the other float that was out there until we were back on board go searcher and in the medical facility. Yeah, I just wanna add a little bit to that, which is you know folks need to realize we were delayed with actually opening the hatch for an extended period while the team. Make sure that everything was clear and that the vehicle is safe for us to exit and for them to get as many people as required to you know to perform that extraction for us and so just a word to the wise for folks who have ideas of coming that close again in the future that you know we take extreme precautions to make sure it is safe and we do that for a reason and hopefully they'll appreciate that you know that's required really with us care operations As far as the puppy goes, we're on. Two week time frame, where we'll we need to teach my son a little bit about the things that are required to you know, have a dog in the House and make sure he's comfortable with picking up his responsibilities Associated with the dog. Then you know I've done a lot of that with the IP phone from the space over the last couple of months but there's but it's work to get the dog bed in the right location and and and show me that he's ready to take on that responsibility and you know he's gonna he's gonna love that that puppy and he's gonna and he needs to bring him up right and so. Set them up for success. otherwise it'll be my dog is. let's go to Robert Perlman from space. Hi, Bob and Doug Great to see you back on Earth up until now after a historic, the first flight like yours it almost be given that something from the mission the spacecraft or the space suits will be headed to the Smithsonian, but given the commercial nature of your flight, very little of your missions equipment belongs to Nasa and your spacecraft is already played the fly again. So we're up to you. What would you like to see SpaceX donate to the National Air and Space Museum or otherwise put on. And might we see your son's agreed to donate Tremor? They they might make that agreement. I'm I'm sure they would request something and trade. I don't know at least opportunity to go. see where tremors at new home would actually be. I think there's a lot of trimmers out there as well at this point and so I think that it could be that the marketplace is saturated with the trimmers as far as what I'd like to see donated, you know, I still think there's an opportunity for the history to play out and this capsule to still end up in the Smithsonian. you know it can be used and reused and then find that permanent home. A SpaceX has done a wonderful. If you if you've ever visited or seen pictures inside inside the there in Hawthorne, they do have a hardware that they've flown or hardware that they've tested it and managed to put on public display right here we do have a here in Houston at the Space Center Houston They do have a first stage now that was used and it's it's nice to have that in full public view and I and I'm sure and confident that they're going to share pieces of the hardware with the public at large, you know if you. You go out to Hawthorne. There's a first stage sitting right there on the corner of the property line there and it's it's just awesome for people to see that hardware and be able to you know recognize it as as hardware that was used for for space missions and you know, take a picture next to it and be a part of it. and so I know they'll do it and if it was up to me, I think all this this hardware has a home some place in the future when it's used up, It's just not used up yet. Thank you, we're not gonna switch to social media for just a second first of all you have folks from all over the world on Twitter and Facebook, saying hello and congratulations Brazil, England Canada Argentina the Netherlands all over the US just to name a few, but this seems to be a common theme. This one 's from Shanika who gets to keep Well, I think I think we're probably gonna go along the lines of I believe it's the NHL where the team that wins the Stanley Cup if you're familiar with that each member of the team gets to gets to have the Stanley Cup for a day or two, and I think we'll probably work out something along those lines where we just have you know he spend some time at at Bob's place and then he spend some time in our place and you know I think that's fair and then. At some point, obviously the boys, you know they're gonna grow up and potentially outgrow Tremor and you know we'll figure out a good a good place for Tremor as well, just like hopefully with the endeavor in our suits and anything else that was Associated with this mission. It's just it's just a neat memory for Bob and I his father's you know to share this type of thing with our sons and and we're just thankful that we were allowed to to take Tremor with us and and it's. Just amazing to see the response to Tremor and how much people enjoy that part of the mission along with some of the other things. so we really appreciate appreciate that and thank and thank folks for understanding you know that it was important to us. We'll take one more ask. ask a question this one from Lee Ann on Facebook, asking what's the first thing you ate after returning to Earth? I think for both of us, the first thing we had was the pizza that they had available on the jet that brought us back to Houston. so we had a good pizza. Done a lot of travel on the aircraft operation folks here at the Johnson Space Center's aircraft over the last 20 years, Frankly, whether it was 30 - eight or as we responded to it and use the larger airplanes to help us get from place to place from a training perspective, and they always have a good plan for taking care of the crews that are on board and and our landing day was no different than the other day they had us all hooked up and set up and the pizza was waiting when we made it You will now return to the phone starting with Eric Berger from ours. Technica. Hi guys, I wanna congratulate you your excellent timing. Houston in August is lovely if I'm asked a non trimmer question were there any surprises during the mission? It all looks so smooth from the launch of the landing you know to us watching on the ground and it was it really that perfect like that the vehicle performed that well or was there anything that happened like maybe you went in a capsule on orbit, it was funny odor or you know something that alarmed you during the two months you're up there or was it all just that's thank you and Frank. The DM two mission part of it as well as the Doc ISS mission that we participated in Expedition 63, but certainly the DM two mission I personally expected there to be more you know, certainly not issues with the vehicle but some challenges or some things that were maybe not quite what we expected. I mean, even on our shuttle flights, we had things that happened on both of mine and I know you know Bob and I have talked a lot about his missions as well. There were things that happened that were. Of a simulator. event and something that you certainly wouldn't have expected in a real flight, but I my credit once again is to the the folks at SpaceX, the production folks the people that put endeavor together and then certainly our training folks. The mission went just like the simulators and I I'm honestly from start to finish all the way there was really no surprises and I think for me personally I expected. The to diverge somewhat by what we saw in the simulator and what I mean by that is as a capsule gets in the thicker the atmosphere so somewhere around 20 K down to maybe 10 K. just prior to the drugs with the with Dragon I expected there to be some divergence and attitude control cuz it's it's a real tough problem for the ship as it gets into the thicker air to maintain perfect attitude and control and at. And then the design of this vehicle is for the drugs to come out, potentially a little bit earlier than they normally would come out to kind of write the vehicle I I fully expected that to happen and it did not the vehicle was rock solid right up until the nominal drug deploy altitude and and as Bob described you could feel it, you knew exactly you felt the diesel you knew the drugs both worked and then it was the same with the main we felt the different stages of this reef and right to the. Impact in the water, it was you know we kind of had a feeling it would be not as much as so use landing as it was described to us, but it was gonna be a pretty firm splash down and then you know how Webb even at how we bobbed in the water and how the vehicle sat in the water so. my compliments to SpaceX and the commercial crew program and the vehicle performed exactly how it was supposed to and you feel really good about the crew one and and and what they should expect and what they should see when. Their mission. Next is Chris Davenport from the Washington Post. Oh, Hey guys Welcome back to good to see you two quick ones just looking for maybe a description of what it was like inside Dragon when the heat was building the plasma was building pretty cool with the view was like and then maybe Doug if you could talk about how many calls are made on the phone and who you call thanks. You know as we came through the atmosphere, I think we had a pretty good view out the window until the Gees started building at least for me, my focus kinda shifted towards the display content and the windows are down by your feet and so being able to look at those requires kinda head motion and and and pushing your body around and so just didn't seem like the smartest thing to do you know as the vehicle was maneuvering and starting to put jeans on to be a turning our heads and trying to move around in the seats. At that point, we're trying to. That we were good and strapped in. I do feel like I felt some warming of the capsule on the inside and so the real notice was that when I did get a chance once the Jews had come down to look out those windows again, you know they were obscured as Doug described earlier and so we kinda saw the clouds racing by and then the G loads started to build up and we focus on you know monitoring the vehicle and paying attention to those small bubbles that we could feel as it controlled the attitude and then there was not much to see. By the time we had another chance to do it so. yeah, I think I'll I'll just add I had an entry that was a night entry and then a day entry and it's it's tough with shuttle even to see the plasma in the daytime. It's almost just this really thin pinkish hue that you could in the in the front seat of the shuttle you could pick up just very, it was it was very difficult to to see I certainly didn't expect with a full daytime entry like we had with Dragon and then as Bob described the position of the Windows relative to where we sit until the seats. For the the basically to get our heads more vertical than our feet after we're under parachutes, you really have to work pretty hard to just see out the windows and as far as the yeah, that that probably was a pretty funny to hear that you have astronauts Collin whoever we can call but they're there was a real reason for it. you know Nick Hag when he had his abort on board. They they also have a phone where they're able to call folks, but some of the numbers either weren't correct or weren't loaded and as I think most people know in this day and age, we know very few phone numbers by heart like we used to know many years ago and so we wanted to get a test objective out of the way, which was to call the the core. station at the Hawthorne and when we called to say, hey, we would like to do that, they said. Stand by and so we decided we would exercise our judgment and use the phone. Some other folks, so we called Anthony, I think at the at the a console here at the flight director console here and you know hi, this is Bob and Doug. We're in the ocean and then we also called our our our wives who happen to be together. I think they were here at Mission control and of course they were excited and and and as all folks know that have gone through this as a family member, you're kinda helpless until you hear the voice of your of your loved one on the other end and and this was a great chance to reassure them that we were in the water we were okay. We were feeling good. And then and then, at that point, we were still waiting on SpaceX and so we just decided to call a few other people that we knew their phone numbers too. We got a hold of a few but if anybody's ever used a cell phone, sometimes they work and sometimes they don't connect so it was, but it was a very successful Test and we're confident that future cruises if they need it, but a good communication Next is Stephen Clark from space right now. Hi guys. Congratulations on a successful mission and welcome back to Earth. Thanks for taking my question just wanted to you know this by all accounts was a very successful test flight just based on your experiences. Can I get one of you to comment on if you think Crew Dragon is ready to go for. rotation missions to the ISS. whether you're successful return Thanks, you know I think both of us are in agreement no questions that the crew dragon once they finish the certification process, you know they do need to look at the data from our entry. You know, it's not just the end users. Out of how well it performed they they will do a very thorough review both on the side of the aide to make sure that they're comfortable but from a perspective I think that it's a definitely ready to go. There are things that can be improved, just like even with the final flight of the space shuttle, I know Doug will tell you that there are things that could have been improved or would have been improved to flew at 130 - six and so there'll be some things that we'll have some ideas about how we could make better to make things a little bit more More efficient inside the vehicle for those crews, but from a perspective, I think we're we're perfectly comfortable saying that crew one is ready when they finish the the engineering and analysis Associated with certification one thing I would just like to add about that. you know Bob and I talked many times over the last couple of years about the duration of the flight and for a long part of that until just you know this essentially the beginning of this year, it was gonna be the flight so just. A few days in space and I think I personally feel a lot better even though there were some challenges dealing with the you know the duration of the flight and when when all that would come together, I certainly feel much better from the crew, one perspective and and subsequent flights of having dragon do station for two months. It is a much better outcome for me than if we had just been up there a few days if you're asking the crew, one folks to be up there for a full up six month. Type duration I think they should have a lot more confidence that the vehicle does find in the mode do station and there and there wasn't anything that maybe wouldn't have been uncovered had. we just been up there for just a few days, so I thought that was a much better outcome. And from ABC News. what would be on the books for you? both next? What would you like to do? At least for me, I think in the short term is I transitioned to a support role as you know my wife is assigned to a SpaceX mission and we have a young son and so I'll definitely be focused on making sure that her mission is successful as possible and supporting her just as she did for me over the last five years with the uncertainty in our launch, dates and uncertainty in our return dates, it's it's definitely her turn to to focus on getting her mission accomplished while I take care of the things that need to be. For our home life. Is Elizabeth Howell from Space dot com. Welcome Home and I wanted to know what kind of lessons learned or kind of advice that you would be given to the crew one when they get ready to go. That's a great question and you know we have a tag up with those guys. I believe early next week and I think we've mentioned before that we talked to them shortly after launch and once we were Doc just to kind of while it was all fresh in our memories. a data relay to. Things that we noticed or saw sounds and the things that really can't be emulated very well in a simulator and and things that would that would trigger you know any of the other training objectives that they're going through right now is a wrap up their training and so I think lessons learned you know there's there's always lessons learned. you know things that that we did that maybe we could be more efficient about or that we learned or that we thought maybe would work one way or that maybe. Would work better for another but generally speaking, I think it's more just relaying the experience and and and what we did in those particular situations and and also trying to at least imagine what it would have been like to have four people in the vehicle rather than two we did some duct operation evaluations with four people and you know we had Anatole and Chris Act as the other two crew members and their vast experience in flying so use and space flight in general, they had some great. Suggestions and we we at the time pass those things on in the debrief and we'll definitely talk to the crew. one folks about that as well but yeah, there's a very formal process and then an informal process and we'll just try to pass on everything that we learned and think much with the door. Joey Roulette from Reuters Thanks for doing this and I really appreciated that the description of the descending dragon you gave earlier in the call and I was wondering. do you think there's anything SpaceX can or should do to make crew Dragon Desc calmer is that the way it should be and is that what you expected. Thanks. I think from a perspective, you know really, what's important is that you understand the events that the vehicle's gonna go through and and know what to expect and so the thing that I found most valuable haven't gone through that experience was something that that actually the launch team put together for us put together some video from both demo one and the abort test that they performed to show what the sounds and dragon were synced up with the video feed and so. To watch that and hear the sounds and see what they corresponded to on the video from you know the outside tracking cameras that were in place was just invaluable from my perspective and really understanding what the vehicle was gonna be going through and be comfortable as we went through it and monitor it appropriately and so you know both Doug and I had confidence like we described earlier that you know the drugs had come out and that they're they're reaping had happened, according to schedule just based on being able. Watch that video and hear the sounds and have it all synced up. We just knew what to expect you know this maybe sounds a little bit boring and I'm gonna get probably some plaque from talking about a movie cliches again, but you know there's a there's a movie Groundhog Day where there's sequencing through and everything is predictable and and for dynamic events like a a space flight for asset and for entry, it really is invaluable as you try to control your body and and come through that environment whether it's AG load. Or it's the dynamics of a moving around inside the vehicle, knowing what to expect really sets you up for success to work your way through it and do anything that you might need to do in those dynamic situations. and I think that that video that the SpaceX team put together was just wonderful and I watched it again on orbit and before we came home and I and I know that I'll be in our list of things that we recommend to the crew one guys if they haven't already watched it, that's something that they should kinda commit. And consider even having available on orbit. Next is Morgan McFall from Business Insider. I thought the dog welcome home and thank you so much for taking my question. I'm wondering what you would most like to be for the partnership between Nasa and going forward and what are you most excited about in this new era of human space flight? Thank you well, It's it's neat to see SpaceX is in the competition to build the lunar lander with two other companies and we we've had as an agency. We've had a wonderful partnership with SpaceX, you know from commercial cargo to commercial crew and they just continue to work towards the. Of getting humanity out into the cosmos and it it's it's been a great relationship. It's been very beneficial for both SpaceX and for Nasa and this once again the success of DM two proves that it, it should be something that we should continue and I'm excited to see that happen. it was it was a It was a lot of work to get from where we started five years ago to now, but it's just they're wonderful company to work with and they have some incredibly. People and and and I think there's there's plenty to come from the relationship that Nasa and SpaceX have you know from my perspective, It really is critical that we continue to try to build on that relationship that Doug's referred to you know it won't be appropriate if we take the next step, which is to restart with the different as a team and a different space X team, we really need to leverage those relationships and continue with all the You know the five years of experience that we have of figuring out the things that Nasa can best share with SpaceX to make them as successful as quickly. Possible and you know that applies to all the partnerships that a sets up is figuring out the best way to communicate and share information is how we're gonna all cooperate to get to our end objective and so I just I'm really excited as we go forward that the relationships and the work that's the groundwork that's in place is gonna be leveraged to accomplish even more great things in the future. and take one from Mark Cox from Aviation Week. Wondering what the primary question you're getting from your astronaut colleagues isn't what you're telling them about the experience. Actually, we haven't had a ton of interaction with anybody given that you know when you get back from space, you have a pretty compromised immune system to some degree. so we're taking every precaution that we can to try to stay away from most folks although there is a lot of medical testing and and rehabilitation that's going on but they'll be time to do a debrief and I think as I mentioned before certainly with the crew, one folks. coming up. Shortly but yeah, we haven't seen a lot of them because you know we're just in the stage of the pandemic. We're we're we're still I think even the folks that are haven't gone to space or trying to distance and wear mask and those kind of things, but we we definitely know that there are a lot of questions. We've certainly got a lot of texts and Emails and hopefully we can describe everything from memory that that is pertinent and as Bob said, you know, SpaceX will certainly have a sync up. With audio for our asset as well as our entry that that will be passed on for multiple crews for them to to use. Yeah, I would say we're still in the phase where all of our astronaut colleagues aren't asking us for information. they know that it is not the time for that. they're they're asking us. Do we need anything or a family is well taken care of are we in good shape and so that's their primary focus right now. is you know taking care of the team, which is the astronaut office and so I all the well wishes that come. Or do you need anything? Is there don't climb a ladder? I'll change the light at your House so all those sorts of things and it's just been wonderful how many folks have reached out to try to you know, make sure that we're well taken care of after the mission that we we just went through and it's like that for every mission when come back. Now go to social media for a few more questions there using hashtag ask Nasa. This one comes from Natalie on Twitter. What is the reconditioning process like to get reacquainted with gravity? Well, we'll spend two hours every day with our strength and conditioning specialists and it's essentially just a walk before you run literally. type process. we do some stretching we do some aerobic exercise. We do some lifting and some agility drills and it's it's you're pretty tired after the two -hour process and we've just started it yesterday so on day. And it will continue for roughly 45 days and most people really adjust in that time. certainly before you get to 45 days, but it's a continuous process to get you right back to where you were free flight. We'll take one more from social media This one from Leo on Twitter. What is the greatest lesson that a young person can learn from this mission, especially in these challenging times. I think the greatest lesson folks can take from from our experience is of perseverance, you know Doug and I didn't get to this opportunity and this team. To the success without years of hard effort, you know challenges along the it's doesn't build doing something complicated like developing a new spacecraft and launching it developing a new rocket and then putting a spacecraft on top of it and launching it to the International Space Station. It's just a it's a tremendous level of effort that's required to accomplish that and it's there are setbacks. You know there are there are challenges where you know. Rocket performance isn't what you expected or propose. On board, the capsule isn't exactly everything that you thought it was and you have to adapt to those challenges and you have to overcome them and continue forward and maintain both optimism and paranoia as you go through that perseverance and so those are all normal things as you try to accomplish, you know challenging tasks and so I'm hopeful that our experience the entire SpaceX team's experience and the Nasa teams experience one of just the focus effort for an extended period of. You know can lead to just awesome results if you if you stay focus and so that message of perseverance is the one that I would wanna share. well now go back to the phone bridge starting with Marina Corin from the Atlantic. I'm Bob and Doug welcome back what advice would you give to future crew? Dragon passengers who are not astronauts and a quick second question you've been close friends for years Did your friendship survive this experience. Alright what advice would we give? the kind of the non professional astronaut when they're flying on Crew Dragon? purely that the SpaceX and Nasa collaborated to build a tremendous vehicle that is very capable of the mission to go to and from lower or but safely it's it's a it's a comfortable vehicle. there are things that are just an aspect of flying in space that I think most folks don't quite realize. There are times when it's uncomfortable. There are times when you know, of course, you can't take a shower. you know going to the bathroom is a challenge and but but I think in general it's an outstanding vehicle and they should be excited to fly on board to get that experience if they're lucky enough to do it and I think as far as our friendship, it's certainly survived if anything it just gets stronger. You know being part of a crew with Chris and and and a totally in Avon it was. Need to see the team developed you know as Bob had mentioned before, and I'm sure I did too. We've known Chris for a long time I flew with Chris on our first flight together and it just it was really need to see the the the Expedition 63. develop and work last few months and it was very very rewarding and I think for me personally I I maybe I didn't appreciate that that aspect of it as much you know going. The flight because I think you know our huge concern and challenge was making sure D Mtwo flew the way it ended up flying successfully and so it was it was neat and it just was such a huge advantage. I think for Bob and I that we are close friends that just the crew coordination part of it and flying dragon was almost via telepathy. Sometimes you know we didn't even have to say anything whether we were pointing at something or if we just at that. Looking at that part of the display because that's what we knew would be the thing that was most important and I just think that you know, I know that doesn't necessarily always go to the select process, but I think you know in this case when we were selected to fly this mission together, it's certainly gave us a distinct advantage over some cruises and and and it was certainly very much appreciated by me and just as Doug said, being able to add Chris to our friendship and and on to where it was just focused on the mission and and Chris is the commander of the. Being able to shift to the support role when it came time for us to get docked and then us to shift into our support roles once we're on board the space Station of course the spacewalks activities have various sink points where the kind of the leadership kinda moves around and we were able to do that very seamlessly and part of that is you know related to just how close and how how strong our friendships were kind of across the board. And so, and of course when we came to the end of the mission and it was. Chris jump back into that support role again and help us with the cargo transfer that we need to put in place some of the power play payload activities. we just it was all very seamless folks understood what their responsibilities were. We're able to you know, cooperate and work together to make it all happen and get the mission done and so I would say you know our friendship is stronger and we added some folks to our circle as well. Is Liz Bender from cosmic perspective? Welcome home Bob and Doug. I wanna first thank you for sharing that with us on perseverance you shared a lot of stunning images of Earth while you are on stage and I really enjoyed the perspective you gave with the captions that you use and I just wanted to ask what compelled you to share so much and what was your favorite location or feature to photograph? Well, I think I think we can both answer that one you know for me. I just every time you look at the window of the space station and and certainly we didn't get the opportunity that I thought we were gonna get you know based on the description of a previous crew members that we are our time was used up a lot to make up for the fact that you know we were down to three crew members on the space station prior to us getting there and I think and and rightly so the International Space Station program needed us to get to work. A bat, but the time that we did get to do that you know the perspective that you have from lower orbit of our planet is just one of just complete awe of first of all how beautiful the planet is and that there are no borders that you can see from space that the atmosphere is so thin and then literally every time you look out the window you see something different and even more beautiful than the last thing you saw the last time you looked out the window and it's always different and. Maybe more so this year than in past years that astronauts have taken photographs out the window, you know the the country, the United States and the world has been dealing with so much Chaos and drama and the pandemic and all the things that have been going on in the world and you know if it were me that it would make me feel better to see these pictures from space and so I think we just felt like it was a way to maybe have folks maybe have a distraction for a while and also to appreciate that the planet that we've been given you know it's it's it's it's unique in that and that stand point and it's just beautiful to look at and and it and it's. I personally feel it's our obligation to share what we see because not everybody is gonna get to go to space and to to just bring as much of the experience to to everybody back on Earth is is something I thought was very important. For both of us, we didn't expect to have a longer duration mission We expected to have just a few short days, which would have really limited our opportunity to share the the station life aspects or the things that you can see from lower Orbiter from the space station with folks and when we got the opportunity for a longer mission, I think we both wanted to take advantage of that. you know, I think the Earth below us is a is a wonderful view. just some amazing things to see I'm a little bit. I'm a physics train engineer background sort of thing and so I was really interested in the. Things that we're examples of science or engineering or just physics below or above us that was happening and so whether it was light shimmering across the ocean surface or it was sunrise or sunset and trying to figure out how to get a photo and share that so that somebody else could have the same wonder that we have when we get a chance to see it ourselves was was what was really important to me. We had some interesting, you know conditions during the fight. We had a period of time where we. Daylight we got to do a space walk and continuous daylight, which was just a a crazy to imagine you know being outside the entire time with the Sun up the entire time was just a a strange thing to kinda get your mind around and we got to got to have that experience and so as a part of that, I think it took away the opportunity for us to get as many shots of the the comment Neal, that was rising it kinda came in that same period, so we had too much light. See it very much but just all those things that you can see whether it's lightning or the city at night or look at the Milky Way and see the stars in the in the background or just see the glow of the Earth and see that it is not dark even at night compared to the darkness of space is just imagery that we wanted to share and maybe spark an interest of the wonder that we were able to see and whether it's a child or an adult that's out there so that in this year and Years in the future, folks can look at that and and be inspired to have the kind of careers that we've had or you know chase a different Dream than the one that we've chosen. Next is Irene Clots from Aviation Week. Thank you. I realize you're still digesting all of this, but if you if the decision were up to you about when to fly a friend, family, other non professional astronaut do you think that the system is fair enough after this, perhaps another two flights to have that kind of mission. That's a good question I think if if it were me and it was a family member it certainly is Bob described there's a certification process that that that endeavor hasn't completed yet and it'll likely be weeks and I think from my experience of flying fighters and testing fighters, you know a first flight there's a lot of scrutiny on the first flight and there's a lot of work that goes into a first flight, but you can't let. Down and you you, you gotta take a look at the data. You've gotta listen to the hardware and and it's probably gonna take a few flights because you know we certainly did our best and I think the teams did their best descriptive flight to be at a pull-up test flight, but there are certainly things on Dragon that could be tested more and they're just for an example, you know we docked to the forward part of the space station. There's certainly the likelihood that a dragon is gonna have to do to a different docking port either the xth I think it's a zenith. That is likely to be next for commercial vehicle and it may sound somewhat insignificant but it but it but it isn't and so all the software that needs to go in to the the vehicle trajectory analysis and the things that they need to do in order to make that possible and and for our flight that was not possible that the software hadn't been written yet to do those to do that docking port so just things like that. So I think it's gonna take a few flights before That's a few flights before and we can consider this vehicle completely tested and then as we all know you know the space business like a lot of those technically challenging businesses is not forgiving so you the bigger thing to take a look at is to just not let your guard down and don't just assume because the last flight went perfectly that the next flight is gonna go perfectly. you have to you have to do that rigor and that analysis and that attention. And you can't get complacent and you can never get complacent with the with the space vehicle. That's all the time we have four questions today. thanks to all who submitted questions and thanks to Bob and Doug Hurley for taking the time to discuss this historic event. The demo to mission is part of Nasa's Commercial crew program. We have more milestones milestones coming up in the very near future. So for the latest please visit Nasa dot Gov slash commercial crew thanks again for joining us that will wrap up today's news conference.

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